American elm. This is in contrast to spruce trees, which have paired needles with a hinge-like base, and pine needles, which are bunched in clusters. Balsam fir is a popular type of Christmas tree. The identifying features of these firs are short flattened needles, long purple cones, and bushy foliage. These are arranged spirally on the twigs and are slightly curved in shape. They can grow up to 8” (21 cm) long and stand erect on branches as they mature to a brown color. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. The shape of the slender fir tree appears to taper to a point. The genus Abies includes 48-56 species of true firs that are classified into nine extant sections and one extinct section. These characteristics are detailed in many field guides for field identification of trees. There are many other types of evergreen trees have different exciting characteristics that we’ll talk about in this article. Douglas fir doesn't like hot, dry winds but will do excellent where there's moisture in the soil and in the atmosphere. When the cones fall, they leave a small, upright attachment on the branch. The plants are native to North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. These small conifers grow to between 30 and 50 ft. (10 – 15 m) tall. This tree is one of the best specimens for shady areas. Alternate-leaf dogwood. Korean fir is one of the smallest types of fir trees. The soft fir needles stay on the shoots for a long time after the tree is cut. Additional, more detailed characteristics are used to separate the different species of these three groups of coniferous evergreens. This tree is sensitive to heat and often struggles in climates warmer than zone 5. These needles help to tell this fir apart from the noble fir, which is closely related. There are a number of issues surrounding the inclusion of a species in such a list. Korean firs are small ornamental trees that grow to between 33 and 60 ft. (10 – 18 m). It is an evergreen tree that is usually 10 to 15 meters tall. It has a beautiful, conical shape along with dense, dark-green leaves. Abies, Fir trees are a genus comprised of 66 taxa (species, subspecies and varieties) of evergreen conifer trees. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. Rowan tree in Wicklow, Ireland. Similar to noble firs, Nordmann fir trees are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees. Learn to identify them, including popular Christmas trees. 01 of 12 It has a delightful fragrant aroma and soft flat green needles that stay on the tree after being cut. Growing on the fir trees, these cones can resemble candles on a Christmas tree. Massed on the upper surface of the twig. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. Fir Trees – Types. The trees have a reliably symmetrical shape with a wide base and dark green, broad needles. The White fir has soft needles that are light bluish-green above, and measure up to 2.3 (6 cm) long. Some of the tallest specimens of Nordmann trees can grow up to 280 ft. (85 m) tall. Other types of soft fir trees have denser foliage. Some of the most popular species and varieties are: Colorado White Fir – Abies Concolor. California red fir (Abies magnifica) (click on each photo to enlarge image) Needles: White on both top and bottom surfaces; about 1" long; shaped like a hockey stick. Browse the entire list below. The California red fir has reddish bark and long cones that grow upwards. The Spanish fir is closely related to the Moroccan fir which has slightly longer cones on it. In coniferous forests, noble fir tree grows where they get full sun and partial shade. Another reason why these evergreens are popular at Christmas time is due to their glossy green foliage. Southeast. This tree grows wild on mountain slopes of the western USA, in the southern Cascades and Sierra Mountains. This narrow tree grows in a symmetrical, pyramidal to a conical shape with flat, shiny dark green needles up to one inch long. Due to their short stature and conical shape, you are likely to see these trees in ornamental gardens. The scientific name of the California red fir gives a clue as to its size and stature. Other pines have different leaf and cone arrangements. Fir trees can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by their needle like leaves, attached to the twig by a base that looks like a small suction cup, and by erect cylindrical cones 5 to 25cm (2 to 10in) long that disintegrate at maturity to release the winged seeds. Bark on Fraser fir trees has a grayish-brown appearance that becomes scaly as the tree matures. Their cones are upright and only grow on the highest branches of the tree. The essential oil derived from the needles can be used to treat colds, rheumatism, and nasal congestion. Fir Trees. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. The cylindrical seed cones are 6 inches long and are dark reddish-brown in color. Do You Know the Difference Between Evergreens and Conifers? Balsam Fir. Looking up close at the needle leaves, you will see that Spanish fir has light bluish-green needles are arranged radially. Noble fir is one of the tallest types of fir trees. Among the many choices of evergreen trees, the most commonly planted varieties are cypress, pine, fir, cedar, spruce, hemlock, juniper, thuja, eucalyptus, and magnolia. The needles are soft and are dark glossy green in color. As the tree grows, the bark becomes ridged and takes on a light brown color. Some types of Christmas trees are long skinny trees that are perfect for small rooms. Varieties to Try: Glauca Prostrata, Horstmann’s Silberlocke. The subalpine fir tree is a medium-sized fir tree that grows very slowly; it is frequently used in bonsai craft. Some species of evergreen trees are large elegant trees and some are small bushy shrubs. Fir tree cones usually grow upwards and the needles are softer than pine or spruce. The tree is identified by the fact that it has foliage almost the whole length of its trunk. As can be seen from the outline of debate below, there is no 'correct' list of trees of Britain and Ireland. Interesting needles and showy cones are the hallmark of many types of fir trees. American mountain-ash. balsamea, and the other being var. The grand fir tree has soft needle leaves that are dark green and glossy. Abies balsamea. Being evergreen is an advantage to trees in some climates; it doesnt make much sense for a tropical rainforest tree to shed its leaves in fall because there isnt a cold winter coming, for example. 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