Dairy Cows. Most breeders slightly prefer the medium shades of color to the extremes, but nearly all of them realize that type and producing ability are far more important than the shade of color or whether the color is solid or broken. Refinement and beauty of such cattle in mature form led to the marked superiority of cattle imported from the island of Jersey or their direct descendants in winning most of the major awards of the American show ring. Cattle closely resembling Jerseys live in both Normandy and Brittany and first appeared on record in England in the 1740s. When calving, they experience a low rate of difficulty and experience fewer complications than other larger dairy breeds. Farmsteads and homesteaders will find the females are well behaved and do not resist milking. At approximately 48 inches tall and weighing 800 to 1,300 pounds, the Jersey is one of the smallest non-miniature dairy breeds, seen in a range of colors from light tan to almost black. It also has the potential to cause digestive issues in some consumers. Some Jerseys are culled from the herd and produce less. This has ensured that Jersey cows have kept their pedigree, identity and character. When our Jersey cow first arrived on our small homestead, I didn’t know much about the breed. Forth Edition, MacMillan Company. At that early date, the cattle of Jersey island were commonly referred to as Alderney cattle although the cattle of this island were later referred to only as Jerseys. How in fact does raw milk taste? Cows show very marked refinement about their heads and shoulders, carry long, straight top lines, and usually carry out long and level at the rump. Mini Jerseys don't get bigger than 42 inches at the hip. Dairy cows are more like marathon runners. They can yield up to six gallons of butterfat milk daily. Sucking lice, with their narrow, pointed heads, are blood feeders. Jersey cattle were brought to the United States in the 1850's. There are also what is called "broken" colour varieties of Jersey cattle, which is simply patches of white that are sometimes similar to the white patterns on a darker Holstein cow. Your email address will not be published. Life expectancy is based on several factors, including the conditions in which Jersey cows live. Researchers and agricultural historians believe crossbreeding between the Bos brachyceros and Bos primigenius herds occurred in Northern France, altering the breed’s appearance. When you make ice-cream – it tastes like cow. Milking or “stripping” the cow completely of her milk will ensure she does not develop mastitis, Regular visits from a large-breed veterinarian familiar with Jersey cows. Jersey cows gestate for nine months. Come to find out I knew even less than I thought. They are a high-producing dairy animal, yielding up to six gallons of butterfat milk daily and their meat is at the top level for its predisposition to marbling, which gives meat its flavor and tenderness. The two most recognized and well-known breeds of dairy cattle are the Holstein cow and the Jersey cow. Dairy Cows. Briggs. That means they have a reduced ability to digest lactose after infancy. Changes that are gradually seen are udder development, or making bag, and the relaxation and swelling of the vulva or springing. The American Jersey Cattle Association, 6486 East Street, Reynoldsburg, Ohio 43068-2362 Phone: (614) 861-3636 FAX: (614) 836-8040 Internet: usjersey@iwaynet.net, Briggs, Hilton M and D.M. A USDA study confirms this finding, attributing a 20 percent superiority in the number of easy calvings. Islands don't have that much room for large, grazing herds so miniature Jersey cows were bred to be smaller than normal. The white areas can present as diamond-shaped patches on the shoulders or hips, to a stripe from the top of the shoulder down to the elbow. Jersey Cattle – Everything you Wanted to Know, Jersey Cow for Your Small Homestead – Top 3 Reasons You Need One, Each Jersey cow requires 2 to 5 acres of land for grazing, Access to fresh water is crucial to quality milk production and a healthy animal, Jersey cows require adequate shelter from the elements, Ensure cows are milked daily to keep mammary glands healthy. They're relatively easy to care for and are very gentle cows.If you're considering adding cows to your farm or are looking to expand your current herd, Jersey cows could be a great option.. History of the Jersey Cow Fodder also is an acceptable substitution and can be grown hydroponically to boost its healthful attributes. All things considered, it looks like Holly is needing some TLC. It is folly to trust any dairy bull and particularly Jerseys past eighteen months of age. Their small stature and delicate head size give them a feminine appearance regardless of gender. Palmer of Sydney, who was interested in selling 200 Jerseys. I love to help people with their health journey. Jersey cows also have easier pull calvings during the first lactation, increasing the likelihood that calves will reach healthy maturity with minimal intervention. That’s a good indication her pelvic ligaments are softening to prepare for birth. They are quite muscular about their crests and shoulders and are considerably less refined throughout than are the females. They are extremely curious. Brown Swiss are larger than Jerseys, and slightly smaller than Holsteins, though some may argue that Brown Swiss are around the same size. I’m Kelsey! They usually range in weight from 1200 to 1800 pounds, but as in the females, medium weights are usually preferred. Cows look different underneath the belly when compared to bulls and steers. People won’t keep drinking it long term. The risk of being kicked by a female Jersey during milking is low. They are a naturally horned breed. Hopefully the info below will help you as much as it did me! Jersey milk contains more protein, more fat and tastes far richer […] In general, Jersey cows tend to be healthier than other breeds. This is a more manageable … It would have allowed cattle to be relocated from Normandy and Brittany to the island, which likely played an important role in the development of the Jersey breed. It most closely resembles the Bos brachyceros, the genus of wild and domestic cattle that were tamed sometime during the Stone Age. The Jersey produces more milk on less feed than other dairy breeds, eating about 80 percent of a Holstein's normal daily intake. Jerseys are a naturally horned breed, … For around 200 years, it was forbidden to import or graze a different breed of cow other than Jerseys on the island. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); The colour of the Jersey is usually a shade of fawn or cream, but darker shades are common. They like to be in the know about everything. As the second-largest breed of cows, Jerseys weigh between 800 and 1,200 pounds. Jerseys have dark eyes and darkly pigmented skin around their eyes and noses. Homestead cattle that are grass-fed have longer lifespans than their grain-fed counterparts. Complete and accurate records for the Jersey’s immigration to Australia are unavailable. Learn more about each type of cow below! Analyzing the available data on the breed – phylogenetic form withstanding – reveals the domesticated forefather of modern-day Jersey cows likely came from Asia. The presence of the udder between the back legs lets us know that this is a cow. The breed was known in England as early as 1771 and was regarded very favorably because of its milk and butterfat production. The Jersey breed is more refined than the Guernsey, markedly in the shoulders and head. They are thin and lean with a more angular shape. Please Log in to subscribe. Jul 5, 2012 - Explore Diane Williams's board "miniature cows" on Pinterest. Purebred Jerseys are born with horns that are often removed as calves. Jersey Cow Print JeRSeY JoY Shirley MacArthur, Cow Art, Cow Gifts, Cow Prints, Jersey Cow, Cow Painting,Kids Room, Inspirational Kids Gift ... Looks like you already have an account! Jersey cows also are becoming popular among smaller homesteads for their versatility and top-quality milk production. Hi there! They can appear quite bony compared with beef-producing breeds like Black Angus and Herefordshire. Jersey cows are small and toffee coloured with soft white noses. Jersey cows are the second largest breed of dairy cattle in the world today. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. Jersey cows are smaller and more docile then our regular dairy cows and have such a sweet face! The Jersey cow likely originated from the adjacent coast of France in the English Channel on the Island of Jersey.